It certainly wouldn't be unusual for a cat to develop an intolerance or allergy to beef. One of mine did. I would steer clear of any beef products for a while for that cat. Maybe down the road you can try again, but there are lots of other protein sources to choose from. Also, what are the other ingredients in the commercial product you're using? One of those might be part of the problem. One way to test would be to give your cat just a piece or 2 of fresh plain beef muscle meat and see what happens.
"To close your eyes will not ease another's pain." ~ Chinese Proverb
“We must not refuse to see with our eyes what they must endure with their bodies.” ~ Gretchen Wyler