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dont look if you get easily upset

JessXx
May 25th, 2005, 04:58 PM
These are some things I found...


Killing animals and humans
Scientists and researchers have devised endless ways of abusing animals in experiments. They use them to test substances including chemicals, weedkillers and pesticides - or new ingredients for cleaning fluids, paints, food, drinks - and even pet food!

Animals are also used in medical research, in an attempt to find the causes of, and treatments for, human disease. But animal experiments are unreliable and can be dangerously misleading - because animals' bodies are different from ours, and they don't get the same diseases we do!

Thousands of chimpanzees have been used in useless experiments to find a cure for AIDS, but it is now known that, whilst it kills humans, AIDS won't kill chimpanzees. The link between smoking and lung cancer was first observed in people but because no animal developed cancer when forced to inhale tobacco smoke, vital health warnings were delayed by many years.


1,720,253 experiments were carried out on mice in 2002.

Drugs affect animals differently from us. Drugs such as aspirin and paracetamol, commonly used to treat people, are highly poisonous to cats. Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin, originally discounted its therapeutic qualities because the rabbit he tested it on died. It was only many years later when, in desperation, he gave it to a human patient, that he discovered it killed infection in people.

On the other hand, each year drugs that were passed safe in animal tests are withdrawn after causing serious side-effects, and even deaths, when given to people.

The many differences - both obvious, and very subtle - between humans and animals make animal experiments a waste of time, effort and money.

How many animals are used?
In the UK approximately 3 million animals are used in laboratory experiments each year. Almost half a million more animals are bred and killed so bits of their bodies can be used in research. In addition, millions of 'surplus' animals are bred but never used - they are just disposed of.

Which animals are used?
Mostly mice and rats - because they are small, cheap and easy to breed, but guinea pigs, rabbits, cats, dogs, monkeys, birds, reptiles pigs, sheep, cattle, chickens, horses and fish are routinely used, too.


30,280 experiments were carried out on rabbits in 2002.

Genetically modified animals
Hundreds of thousands of genetically engineered animals are specially bred every year. Tragically, the numbers are increasing dramatically as this is now the most rapidly expanding area of animal experimentation. These animals are deliberately manipulated by having specific genes added, removed or damaged to make them grow abnormally, automatically develop a particular disease or be born with certain characteristics the researcher wants to examine. For example, a new type of 'mini pig' has been developed for use in the laboratory and genetically-modified mice have been created so that they are born with a form of cystic fibrosis or develop fatal breast cancer. Animals suffer horribly in genetic research because tinkering with animals' genes can cause severe physical and developmental abnormalities - some of which are planned, while others are unintended.
What happens in laboratories?
The government defines an animal experiment as a 'procedure' which is 'likely to cause... pain, suffering, distress, or lasting harm'. Almost 60% of all experiments are carried out without anaesthetic. If painkillers are given, it is often just for part of the experiment because researchers don't want the results to be affected by pain-killing drugs.


45,568 experiments were carried out on guinea pigs in 2002.

Laboratory animals are typically kept in small, bare cages or kennels, generally denied any companionship, comfort or stimulation. Until they are killed at the end of the experiment - which could last days, weeks, months or even years - their lives are filled with nothing but pain, misery and fear. Deprived of the ability to exercise any of their natural instincts and stressed due to the discomfort and frustration of confinement, the animals are not even being examined in a 'normal' condition, which has the potential to skew results from the start.

What laws govern animal experiments?
In the UK, vivisection is controlled by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986, which states experiments can only take place if the expected benefits to humans outweigh the animals' suffering. In practice though, it allows experiments for almost any reason, such as testing food additives, weapons, tobacco products and alcohol. And in reality, no animal experiments help people because the information obtained is unreliable. The scientists like to keep their experiments secret and the Act encourages that - in fact, someone working in a lab can be imprisoned for two years simply for exposing what takes place!

What kind of experiments are carried out?
Product 'safety' tests:
Animals are damaged and killed to test the safety of new agricultural and industrial chemicals, food additives, household cleaning products and cosmetics. They are force fed substances, they have chemicals rubbed into their skin or dripped into their eyes and they are made to inhale smoke or toxic fumes to see how poisonous they are.
Medical research:
New drugs and surgical techniques intended for people are first tested on animals. They are also surgically damaged, given cancer, infected with viruses, brain damaged and injured in other ways in an attempt to recreate human diseases. Animals are also fed addictive substances in order to study addiction
Warfare research:
Animals are maimed, shot, irradiated, blown up and dosed and poisoned with chemicals and gases.
Pain analysis:
Levels of pain are measured in barbaric tests such as putting animals on hot plates or dipping their tails in boiling water. 'Non stop pain' can be created by injections of the chemical formalin.

Psychology research:
Animals are deliberately driven mad, starved, given electric shocks, brain damaged, deprived of sleep and taken from their mothers to see how this affects their behaviour.


7,964 experiments were carried out on dogs in 2002.

Stress is produced by dropping animals into tanks of water and forcing them to swim to stay alive.

Epileptic fits are induced by electric shocks, flashing lights, loud noises and chemicals.

Many have electrodes planted into their brains so that scientists can measure brain activity while they are abused in these ways.

Who's paying for these experiments?
More than half of the animal experiments in this country are carried out by commercial companies such as Procter & Gamble, Unilever and Colgate-Palmolive. Many medical research charities, such as Cancer Research UK and the British Heart Foundation, fund research using animals. And, without even knowing it, you are paying for them, too. The government uses tax money to fund animal experiments in its laboratories or in university science departments.
The failure of animal research
Time and time again, animal experiments have proven an absolute failure when their results have been applied to human beings. In fact, studies of the predictability of animal experiments consistently show them to be worse than random guesswork. For example, in one paper (1) which reviewed drugs whose toxicity to humans caused their withdrawal from the market (1960-1990) only 4 out of 24 cases were predictable from animal data. In another review (2) only 6 of 114 human toxicities had animal correlates.

8,002 experiments were carried out on horses and donkeys in 2002.

Many drugs, which have been safety-tested in animals, go on to cause serious side-effects, including death, in people. Adverse drug reactions are the fourth leading cause of death in the Western world, killing over 100,000 people every year in the US alone. Clearly, animal tests are failing to protect people. According to Hospital Doctor journal, only 1 per cent of adverse drug reactions are detected in trials. This is partly because common symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, headaches and visual disturbance, are essentially impossible to detect in animals. Furthermore, the lives of commonly-used laboratory animals are up to 66 times shorter than a human being - making it difficult to predict potential long-term side effects.

Dozens of treatments for stroke have been developed in animals but none of them has been successful in humans - in fact, they have harmed patients in clinical trials.

According to the US National Cancer Institute cures for cancer have been lost because of experiments on animals.

According to James Shapiro, a researcher at the Canadian Institutes of Health: "A diabetes cure is announced every week in mice, but very few of these strategies ultimately translate to a meaningful cure in the clinic."

Primate experiments:
hurting animals and harming people
Britain is the largest user of primates for research in Europe. Because they are, genetically, our closest relatives in the animal kingdom, researchers claim they make reliable 'models' in which to study human disease or product toxicity. But although they are indeed very similar, they are not the same: profound differences at the molecular level and the fact that their brains are many times smaller and function differently from those of human beings makes experimenting on them futile at best, dangerous at worst.


33,610 experiments were carried out on sheep in 2002.

Time and time again, primates have failed researchers with regard to their ability to predict dangerous side effects of medications. Relying on the results from primate experiments has also led researchers down blind alleys and delayed real cures reaching people.

For example:

Hormone replacement therapy - given to millions of women following research in monkeys - has recently been found to increase their risk of heart disease, stroke and breast cancer. (3)

Isoprenaline doses (for asthma) were worked out on animals, but proved too high for humans. Thousands of people died as a result. Even when the researchers knew what to look for they were unable to reproduce this effect in monkeys. (4)

Carbenoxalone (a gastric ulcer treatment) caused people to retain water to the point of heart failure. Scientists retrospectively tested it on monkeys, but could not reproduce this effect. (5)

Flosint (an arthritis drug) was tested on monkeys - they tolerated the medication well. In humans, however, it caused deaths. (6)

Amrinone (for heart failure) was tested on numerous nonhuman primates and released with confidence. People haemorrhaged, as the drug prevented normal blood clotting. This side effect occurred in a startling 20% of patients taking the medication on a long-term basis. (7)

Arthritis drug Opren is known to have killed 61 people. Over 3,500 cases of severe reactions have been documented. Opren was tested on monkeys without problems. (8)

Aspirin causes birth defects in monkeys but not in humans. (9)

20 years and vast amounts of resources have been wasted on misleading AIDS research in animals. The first vaccine, Aidsvax - deemed a success in chimpanzees - was pronounced a failure in 2003 having failed to protect a single one of the 8,000 high-risk volunteers in the trial from the HIV virus.

Dr Albert Sabin, discoverer of the polio vaccine, once said: '...prevention [of polio] was long delayed by the erroneous conception of the nature of the human disease based on misleading experimental models of the disease in monkeys.'
The way ahead
Stopping animal experiments will not mean an end to medical progress - far from it, given that information from animal research cannot be reliably applied to people. There are, in fact, many reliable and effective ways we can help humans without hurting animals:

'In vitro' tests: scientists can study human cells or tissues in the test tube. Human cells can be used to study disease, develop and test drugs, and for the manufacture of vaccines and antibodies. Every cell type can now be studied in vitro.

Computer modelling: sophisticated computers can imitate the workings of the human body and duplicate the spread of disease so that researchers can predict how drugs will work and what effect they will have.

Scans: Sophisticated MRI, CAT and PET scanners allow detailed analysis of the brains and other organs of conscious patients without surgery or even discomfort.

Epidemiology: the study and comparison of groups of people to analyse health problems

Clinical case studies: monitoring illness in individual patients.

Post-mortem studies: examining the bodies of people who have died can give clues about disease.

It is vital that we also focus our attention on education and the prevention of disease and in providing better health care for those already ill. Much progress could be made by promoting healthier eating, more exercise and a crackdown on the polluting activities of industry and intensive farming.

For more information on the scientific argument against animal experiments, go to www.curedisease.com. To learn about non-animal toxicology tests and molecular toxicology go to www.healthwithoutfrontiers.org.


1,395 experiments were carried out on cats in 2002.

Humane reseach
Nearly half a million animals are bred and killed every year just so that their body parts can be used in test tube studies. At the same time, huge amounts of a more logical research material are being incinerated: human tissue. Animal Aid campaigns for the use of human tissue in research as an alternative to animals not only because it saves animals' lives, but also because the results obtained are of direct relevance to people.

We have produced several major reports on this subject. Human Tissue - the neglected resource (1997) looks into the use of human tissue in research, and Wasted Lives - the campaign for humane research (1999) summarises our campaign.

REFERENCES:

Heywood R, 1990; Clinical toxicity - could it have been predicted? in Animal Toxicity Studies: their relevance for man, (Lumley and Walker, Eds) p57-67
Spriet-Pourra, C and Auriche, M, (Eds) 1994, SCRIP Reports, PJB, New York
H D Nelson et al, Journal of the American Medical Association (2002) 288: 872-881, Cancer (2003) 97: 1442
S Carson et al, Pharmacologist (1971) 18: 272
CT Eason et al, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (1990) 11:288-307
RD Mann, Modern Drug Use, an Enquiry on Historical Principles, MTP Press 1984
Human Toxicology (1987) 6: 436
CT Eason et al, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (1990) 11:288-307
Lancet (1962) 599-600

I got this from
http://www.animalaid.org.uk/viv/intro.htm
:yuck:

Its sick. I want to fight against it... who wants to help me?

Prin
May 25th, 2005, 11:12 PM
What about Monkeys? The lab that hired me last summer wanted me to kill 200 monkeys, 50 dogs and about 20 cats.

JessXx
May 25th, 2005, 11:55 PM
:sad: hmm...
thats sick...

Prin
May 26th, 2005, 12:54 AM
They said it was a job for an animal health tech. Little did I know, they really meant Animal DEATH Tech... :mad:

JessXx
May 26th, 2005, 01:17 AM
:eek: Oh my gosh. Thats... some animal health tech...
I can't understand that.