- Dog Breed Group
- Toy Dogs
- Origin of Breed
- United States
- Life Expectancy
- 12 - 15 years
- white, white with biscuit cream, or cream
- The American Eskimo has a soft, thick, white double coat. The body is covered with a soft, thick, short undercoat. Longer guard
- Exercise Needs
- Highly social; needs regular exercise and attention
- The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent, alert, and friendly, although slightly conservative. It is never overly shy nor aggressi
- Good with Children
- This breed is loyal and friendly, but can be conservative with strangers. They like well-behaved children, and is considered a g
- Grooming Needs
- The Eskimo coat needs brushing a couple of times each week to prevent mats and tangles, particularly around the ears and the tai
- Average Size - Male (in)
- 9 - 12
- Average Size - Female (in)
- 9 - 12
- Average Weight - Male (lbs)
- 6 - 10 lbs
- Average Weight - Female (lbs)
- 6 - 10 lbs
- Health Issues
- The Eskimo is a long-lived breed with few identified problems, but since breeders do little genetic testing, the incidence of inv
- Living Conditions
- They enjoy cold weather better than warm.
There are three types of American Eskimo, Standard, Miniature, and Toy. This is the only spitz breed created and fostered in America. The American Eskimo is a member of the ancient and wide ranging Spitz family of dogs. One 18th century German historian claimed that the Spitz was the ancestor of all domestic breeds. White Spitzes were popular in Pomerania and in the coastal regions of Germany. Sailors traded the white dogs throughout Europe. When Queen Charlotte of England acquired several white Spitzes, the dogs became fashionable among British aristocrats. White Spitzes appear in several Gainsborough paintings. German immigrants probably brought the white Spitz dogs to the United States, where they served as watchdogs, family pets, and circus dogs. Known as the German Spitz in its homeland, the breed was renamed the American Eskimo in 1917. This was probably a reaction to the unpopularity during World War I of anything associated with Germany.
The American Eskimo is a descendant from the German Spitz.
The Toy version of the American Eskimo differs from the Standard and Miniature versions only in regards to size and weight.
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